Persian Carpet vs Oriental Rug at Behnam Rugs
Posted on February 24, 2019; by Rassin R.
Persian Carpet vs Oriental Rug at Behnam Rugs Dallas. Behnam Rugs of Dallas is a fine rug dealer that sells Persian carpets and Oriental rugs. The word Persian carpet, Persian rug, and Oriental rug simply means the same. Persian carpet & Oriental rug is originated from Iran. Europeans use the word “carpet” interchangeably with what Americans use “rug”. Yet, Americans have a different concept of the word “carpet” vs “rug”.
A Persian carpet (Persian: فرش ايرانى farsh, meaning “to spread”) or Persian rug (Persian: قالی ايرانى qālī-ye īranī), also known as Iranian carpet, is a heavy textile made for a wide variety of utilitarian and symbolic purposes and produced in Iran (historically known as Persia).
A Persian carpet and Oriental rugs are hard to come by, mostly found in wealthy homes, museums, and fine art galleries. Yet, Behnam Rugs offers the opportunity to rug lovers an array of fine handmade rugs in the heart of Dallas, Texas. Oriental rugs come in different pattern that originated in different parts of old Persia, today known as Iran.
Persian Empire and Persian Carpet
The Persian Empire spread out over many areas that today each of those parts are known as Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, part of India, Syria, Jordan, Israel, and part of Egypt. Therefore, the handmade Persian carpet, Persian rug, and most used term Oriental rug terms, is made in most of these countries. Thus far, the runner ups that produce heavily handmade Oriental rugs are Turkey, Pakistan, and India. Yet, each area uses a different knot and that is one way to differentiate an authentic Persian Rug from Iran vs Oriental rug with Persian design made in Turkey, Pakistan, and India.
Warp and Weft in a Persian Carpet
Persian rugs are the world’s leading rug/carpet manufacturing that happens in cities inside of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The most famous Persian carpets, Persian rugs come from cities such as Hamadan, Mashad, Kerman, Shiraz, and Bidjar.
There is a variety of Iranian rugs. Some rugs are made from cotton for the warp & weft. Some tribal rugs use wool in there foundation, and fine intricate silk rugs often use silk as foundation.
Weft is considered to be the horizontal thicker fiber sealing the knots into the warp. Warp is the vertical going up and down. The warp fibers are usually stretched on the loom.
Genuine Persian Rugs receive a double weft and in turn the pile is stronger.
Rug Knot in an Oriental Rug
Authentic Persian rugs get a “Senneh knot”. The Senneh knot is made with a hook, go under 1 weft and go over weft 2 and pull the fiber from under up, then cut the fiber. With this Senneh knot, beautiful wavy rug pattern can be created. Majority of soft floral pattern are made with the Senneh knot. A Persian rug can be made with a single weft on either side of the Senneh knot. See picture… A strong rug will have a double Weft interlocking the Senneh knot row with the weft below and weft above. This is called a double weft.
Majority of Turkish rugs are made with a “Turkish knot” known as “Ghiordes knot” which is “a knot used in making carpets and rugs in which the two ends of pile yarn appear together at the surface between the two adjacent warp yarns around which they are twisted.” These Ghiordes knots produce Geometric patterns.