Simple Handbook for the First-Time Persian Rug Buyer

Antique Persian RugSimple Handbook for the First-Time Persian Rug Buyer

To those who have never done it before, buying a Persian rug may seem like a daunting task. How will you pick between the hundreds of combinations of style, color, material, and other choices? Lucky for you, this guide will give you some insight into the process and simplify it for you.


Persian rugs come in many designs or styles. We’re going to cover some of the most common and popular designs that you are likely to encounter while shopping.

Gabbeh– These rugs are coarsely woven, resulting in lower knot density. They feature simple, primitive patterns and dense piles as deep as one inch.

Tabriz– These fine rugs have a high knot count and complex designs that include flowers, medallions, and pictorial scenes. Tabriz rugs feature a wide range of patterns which means you have a lot of choice when selecting a Tabriz. They are mostly made of wool with a silk pile.

Kashan– These rugs usually feature a diamond shaped medallion in the “Book Cover” design. They are colored with rich reds, blues, ivory, yellow, and burnt orange.

Kilim– These flat tapestry-woven rugs do not have a pile, resulting in a flatter, reversible rug in a tribal pattern.

Qum– Less rich than Kashan, Qum rugs typically feature bright reds, blues, and ivories and are quite creative in terms of design, featuring central medallions and a smaller size. They are likely to increase in value according to Wikipedia.

In addition, there are three main styles of rug- traditional, transitional, and modern. If you are searching for a Persian rug, you are very likely to end up with a traditionally patterned rug. If you end up falling in love with a rug that is not from Persia, it may be because you actually like the transitional or modern style.


Pehaps you wish to choose a rug with colors that have meaning to you. In fact, every color in a rug has inherent meaning that we will explain here. Choosing a rug based on the message that the colors convey is another way to select a rug.

Red– power, energy, passion, love, luck,

Orange– enthusiasm, creativity, determination, success

Yellow– happiness, positivity, clarity, enlightenment, loyalty

Green– life, renewal, growth, fertility

Blue– trust, wisdom, confidence, tranquility

Purple– royalty, luxury, ambition, creativity, peace

Pink– friendship, compassion, nurturing, love

Black– elegance, rebellion, power, strength

Brown– security, grounding, warmth, honesty

Ivory– purity, innocence, opulence, virtue


There are two materials that a Persian rug will be made from- wool and silk. The materials affect the durability, cost, and ease of maintenance.


Persian rugs are most often made of wool. These rugs are the hardiest and the easiest to clean. They are soft and strong. They also last longer than silk when cared for properly due to the strength of the fibers.


Silk imparts a beautiful sheen to the rug. These rugs are elegant and plush, but sadly more expensive and rare. Silk rugs also show their designs more clearly due to the nature of the material and knotting. Silk rugs are harder to clean and more delicate than wool.

Wool and Silk

Some Persian rugs feature both wool and silk. The wool creates a sturdy foundation while the silk creates the pile.

Shape and Size

Another factor that will affect the buying process is the shape and size of the rug. Consider the room it will be placed in. Large rectangular or square rugs are perfect for living rooms, dining rooms, and bedrooms.

Smaller rectangular rugs can be shown off in kitchens and bathrooms, as well as under coffee tables.

Runners go in hallways and entryways and are long and narrow. They can also be placed in bathrooms of sufficient length.

Round rugs draw attention to chic dining rooms and also look good under tables as a centerpiece.

We hope you have found this short handbook illuminating and that you feel better prepared to shop for the Persian rug of your dreams.

Rug Cleaning: Preventing Wear and Tear on Your Persian and Oriental Rugs

Sweeping a rugRug Cleaning: Preventing Wear and Tear on Your Persian and Oriental Rugs

It’s important to maintain the cleanliness of your rug. This extends the life of it and makes it less likely that you’ll encounter problems dangerous to the livelihood of your rug such as moths.

How to Vacuum & Sweep

Know your rug and know your vacuum cleaner to see if they’re a good match

Depending on the material of your rug, you may need to be careful when vacuuming. If you have a silk rug, do not use the vacuum brush head. You may only use the brush-less suction extension on silk rugs or else you will damage the fabric. When in doubt, don’t use the beater brush, or call the professionals at Behnam Rugs at 972-733-0400. Improper vacuuming can cause unsightly sprouting, which is when the white yarn heads become visible due to pulling. 

Sweeping is another option for silk rugs, antique rugs, and rugs made with hand-spun yarn. Gently sweep to avoid damage to the fibers. Shaking the rug outside also removes dust and debris.

How to Rotate

Rugs generally need to be rotated once a year. If a rug is in a high traffic area, you may want to do this every six months. In addition, heavy sunlight, moisture, or pressure from furniture means you’ll want to rotate every six months as well. Remember, if you choose not to rotate your rug, it will experience uneven wear that becomes more noticeable the longer you go without rotating.

How to Choose Rug Padding

Make sure your rug has the proper padding to minimize wear. Rugs with heavy furniture sitting on them may need coasters. Ask us what kind to use. A rug over carpeting requires special padding. Padding increases the longevity of the rug and reduces the risk of falls.

How to Spot Clean

If your pet marks your rug, or you spill wine or food on your rug, take action immediately. To protect the integrity of your piece, never use carpet cleaners on a fine, handmade rug. These cleaners contain harsh chemicals that spell disaster for luxurious natural fibers. If you don’t notice the spill or are not able to immediately clean a spot from your rug, you may need an expert to clean it- make sure you choose the proper rug washing specialist. Behnam Rugs’ professionals remove almost 95% of spots and stains, regardless of the age of the imperfection. This leads us to the next maintenance option.

How to Choose a Professional Cleaner

Rugs need to be cleaned professionally every three to five years. Don’t neglect your rug! Regular cleaning is vital to its health and longevity. If you have pets, your rug may be full of dander and other particles that cause odors you may be nose-blind to. Call Behnam Rugs today at 972-733-0400 or request a free quote for rug cleaning. We specialize in odor removal and stain removal as well. Our traditional Persian hand washing methods are safe for silks and even antiques. Never take a fine handmade rug to a carpet cleaner. You should always work with a company whose specialty is rugs, not carpet.

How to Choose a Repairing Service

Say your rug is old and worn, has some sort of damage, or has been attacked by destructive cloth moths. Don’t fret, in most cases, your rug can be repaired. Call a reputable rug repair company, like Behnam Rugs, and ask for a free quote. Repairing your treasured rug is the best way to restore it to its former beauty. Behnam Rugs offers a host of repair options including patching, reweaving, binding restoration, fringe restoration and more. All rug restorations must be executed by an expert professional due to the complexity of these repairs. Reweaving and restoration are very costly so the sooner you get it fixed, the more money you save.

Learn more about your rug by attending our upcoming Estate Planning Brunch Seminar March 21st from 10 am to 1 pm at our showroom at 18000 Preston Road in Dallas.

Types of Rug Construction

Loom for weaving rugsDifferences in Rug Construction

Rug construction, or how the rug is made, influences the look and feel, the price, longevity, texture, and quality of the rug. This blog will explain the differences between rug construction and how that influences the aforementioned factors.

Tufted Rugs

To make a tufted rug, loops of yarn are pulled through the rug’s backing either by hand using a tool or by machine. Next, the loops are cut to make the surface even. Tufted rugs can be produced quickly and affordably. This means that even the highest quality tufted rug is relatively inexpensive, especially when compared to handmade rugs. These rugs do well in living rooms and other high traffic areas and can last up to 20 years, but usually closer to 7 to 10.

Hooked Rugs

Hooked rugs require a related amount of labor to tufted rugs and the weaving process is very similar. The only difference between the two is that hooked rugs are not cut, resulting in a more embroidered look that is not as uniformly flat. These rugs do well in high traffic areas as well and last a similar amount of time as tufted rugs.

Hand-knotted Rugs

This is the most expensive rug construction because it is the most labor intensive. Weavers tie hundreds of tiny knots per square inch to make detailed patterns and designs that are unique. These knots form the pile of the rug. The higher the knot count, the greater the quality and detail of the rug. The process can take months, or even years. These superior pieces can last generations with the proper care and maintenance.

Flat Weaves

Unlike other rug types, flat weaves do not have a pile and are woven on a loom. These rugs can be woven by hand or by machine. The threads are woven on top of each other vertically and horizontally. They are also reversible because they do not possess a backing like other rug types do. These rugs are great for layering and easy to clean. Their life expectancy is a bit less than hand-knotted rugs.

Machine-made Rugs

Machine-made rugs are woven using a power loom. Computers control the loom and automate the process. These rugs can be made quickly and utilize different types of fiber, from silk to synthetic. These rugs often mimic hand-knotted rugs but usually cannot match the longevity. These rugs typically last about 10 years for lower quality and 20 years for higher quality. Highest quality machine-made rugs such as Karastan rugs made of wool can last as long as handmade rugs in some circumstances. We have seen cases of machine-made rugs lasting between 80 to 100 years.

To learn more about fine rugs, visit Behnam Rugs and tour the modern showroom filled with thousands of beautiful rugs of different types of construction.

Why Do Pets Mark Rugs?

Dog Mark Oriental Rug, Behnam Rugs Dallas

Why is My Pet Marking My Persian Rug?

Posted on May 24, 2019

Pet Fascination with Rugs

What is the reason for your pet’s fascination with rugs?  Have you ever asked yourself, “So why is my pet marking my Persian Rug?” If you’re reading this blog, chances are you have a cat or dog that just won’t stop marking your rug. Rest assured you are not alone. Behnam Rugs is hosting an event on June 8 to address this common issue among pet owners and especially dog owners. Please attend our upcoming event and click on –> “Rug, Dog, Wine” Event to hear our WRR Radio Ad for our event. If you attend, you will find out why Spot marks your rugs. You will find out what you can do to reduce pet urination on your precious oriental rug. This is actually a fairly common issue among many rug owners. Although we mainly see inappropriate marking occurring among puppies and kittens, adult dogs and cats can also be frequent markers themselves. Let’s find out why. Please read our Press Release “Rug, Dog, Wine” and how to understand you dog’s behavior toward your handmade rugs.

Why is my Pet Peeing on my Rug?

Sometimes, the answer to this question is simply the type of rug that you have. Is your rug a tufted rug? Tufted rugs are rugs with a glued on backing to them. They are quite popular due to being less expensive options than hand-knotted or hand-woven Persian and Oriental rug.

Tufted rugs have a few common issues, though, and one of them is that the glue used to attach the backing to the rug causes many pets to pee on the rug. The glue on tufted rugs can come from a variety of sources. It could be a natural or organic type of glue, or it could be a chemical-based glue. Both types of glue give off a distinct odor. Although this odor may not be detectable by humans, pets can definitely smell it.

Dogs are especially sensitive to the odor that a tufted rug’s glue gives off. The scent confuses them and they may urinate on your rug out of confusion. Although puppies are the main offender here, this behavior occurs in dogs of all ages, not just puppies. Cats can also be confused by this odor. If your pet is constantly urinating on your tufted rug, it might be time to replace the rug. Although tufted rugs may seem like an inexpensive option when you purchase them, the amount of cleaning you will end up needing is simply not worth it in the end. Read our blog to find out what you don’t know about tufted rugs.

But My Rug Isn’t Tufted!

Your pet may still mark your rug, even if it is not tufted. There are a few reasons for this:

If your pet has marked your rug for quite some time and it has not stopped this behavior, it might be because your pet believes that this is allowed. Your dog or cat cannot tell the difference between a fine rug and “its spot.” They are one and the same to your pet. It is important to stop your pet from marking your rug as soon as you see signs of this behavior. All pets are different, so there is no universal approach to stopping the behavior. We suggest taking the approach that you normally do when you are teaching your pet right from wrong.

If your pet is normally well trained and has suddenly started marking your rug for no reason at all, there could be a few different causes.

Is your pet marking many surfaces and not just your rug? Your pet could have digestive or urinary tract issues. This is especially common in older dogs and cats. Call your vet and explain what is going on. Let them know that your pet does not normally do this, and this behavior is recent. They will be able to provide you with the proper knowledge on how to approach this situation.

If your pet is only urinating on your Persian rug, you must approach the situation differently. This is likely not an issue with your pet’s health but with your pet’s behavior. There is a very good chance that your dog or cat was marking the rug without you noticing, and they have been conditioned to believe that is okay. Keep a close eye on your pet and stop them from marking the rug as soon as you see them trying to do so. Alternatively, you can stop your pet from being on your rug at all. Another reason that your pet might only be marking your rug is that there is some sort of odor attached to it that your pet does not agree with, such as the smell of another animal or, as mentioned above, the smell of your pet’s own urine. At Behnam Rugs we wash rugs with live enzymes and organic shampoos.

How to Get Rid of the Odor

Behnam Rugs strongly suggests having your rug cleaned and opting for an enzyme wash. An enzyme wash will break down the odors in your rug, including the odors that make your pet feel that it is okay to mark your rug. You can read more about this process on our odor removal page, or you can call us for more information. There is no obligation to purchase a service if you call us. We understand that you might want to shop around, and sometimes you just want to know how rugs are cleaned in the first place.

For information on how to minimize odors and prevent stains after an accident, check out our blog post, Baking Soda and Persian Rugs: Taking Steps to Minimize Pet Damage to Your Rug.

Water Damaged Rug Repairs

Storm & Flood Damage Rug Repairs/Cleaning

In the recent weeks, Dallas has been experiencing heavy rain. From hail, storms, flooding, roof leaks, water seeping from the swimming pool, and more, rugs are in danger of water damage.

Water Damage Rug | Behnam Rugs Dallas
Water Damaged Rug

None of us could have predicted the devastating damage done by storms and ever since the the rainy season hit us, we have been receiving phone calls from residents asking us how their rugs can be saved. When you think of a rug, you might think of a fashionable rug seen at a department store. You may think to yourself, “That rug might have been expensive, but surely it’s replaceable.” This is not always the case.

We know many people have priceless antiques and family heirlooms in their homes. These rugs are not just rugs. They are treasured memories. When someone calls us asking how to save their rug, we understand that they are frantic and worried for a reason. The rug someone is calling about could be the rug they bought on their honeymoon with their late husband. It could be the rug their mother gave to them. It could be the rug that they planned on giving to their children. Our point is that this is not just a “thing” they are worried about. A treasured rug is truly priceless, not simply a pain to replace.

How to Respond to Heavy Flooding on Your Rug
The first thing we want you to know is that the flood restoration process is time-consuming and labor intensive. If your rug is a machine-made rug or otherwise mass-produced, it might be cheaper to simply buy a new rug. We strongly suggest weighing the pros and cons of restoration versus replacement if your rug can actually be replaced. The second thing we want you to know is that you can relax. Rugs are a lot more resilient than you would expect. Depending on your rug’s age, origin, and material, many rugs can bounce back from being under flooding for days and even weeks.

When you first get to your rug after it has been soaked in flood water, you will more than likely be shocked. After 24 hours, rugs that have been exposed to flooding and saturated begin to show early signs of color run and color bleeding. For the uninitiated, these are simply terms that say that the dyes on your rug are not where they are supposed to be at all. Antique Persian and Oriental rugs are made of natural fibers like wool and silk, and these fibers are incredibly absorbent. Runoff and flood water will be quickly absorbed by your rug. This water is a mix of water, chemicals, sewage, and many other things you really do not want in your rug.

The best way to rescue your rug and restore it to both its natural beauty and its original value is to respond ASAP. Your rug may not be insured, but that does not mean you can’t try to get some financial assistance from your insurance company. If you were wondering what the appraisal from earlier could do for you, its purpose is to list out exactly what your rug should be worth, what colors it should have, how much it is currently worth, and what sort of damage is present. As a rug owner, what you need to do with the appraisal is to present it to your insurance company when you are making a claim. They will take care of the rest.

How Your Rug is Repaired and Restored from Water Damage

By this point, you are probably wondering how exactly your rug is supposed to be restored. First, hose your rug down with water. This will remove the large chunks of debris from your rug’s pile and foundation, along with washing out a good amount of the flood water. This is actually something that you can do yourself. Again, if you act quickly, many types of rugs can be restored to either their original state or close to their original state. Some rugs may have darker or lighter colors by the end of the restoration process, so do be aware that could be a possibility too.

From here on out, you will need a professional. Not all rugs can be washed and restored in the same way, and rugs and carpets should never be washed with the same cleansers or cleaning methods. Educate yourself on both the type of rug you have and the people you are trusting your rug with. If you are not sure who to go with in the Houston area, you are more than welcome to call us for advice.

Your rug will need to be dried to preserve the strength of its foundation. Rugs can weigh double their regular weight when wet, so we do not recommend moving your rug by yourself. For most rugs, we recommend drying flat, out in the sun. The UV rays from the sun kill mold and restore the natural oils in wool and silk. A wet rug should never be hung to dry as this stresses the foundation. Some rugs, namely traditional Chinese rugs, should not be dried out in the sun, as this could damage their dyes. Not sure? Ask us!

After your rug has dried out in the sunlight, the rug restoration professionals will wash your rug numerous times. Your rug should be washed with a mix of enzyme wash and organic safe for wool/silk shampoo. Generally, a rug that has been in a flood will be washed over and over again until the water and shampoo are both clear. Then, the rug must be dried flat and in the sunlight again.

Water Damage Rug Restoration | Behnam Rugs Dallas

Additional Notes
When Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans, we were able to restore many rugs from there despite being all the way in Dallas. Rugs were dried off and shipped or driven to our location, and we were able to ship the rugs back there.