The Different Types of Oriental Rug Knots

Assorted yarn for weavingTypes of Oriental Rug Knots

The detail and value of a Persian or Oriental rug lies in the quality of its knots. The more knots per square inch, the more vivid and intricate the rug’s design.

In addition, the more KPSI (knots per square inch) a rug has, the more expensive it will be. This is expected because creating these knots by hand – and so close together – is an complex and difficult process, one that takes craftsmen years to learn and perform expertly. Persian and Oriental rugs can take years to make because of this.

There are basically two different types of knots used to make an Oriental pile rug (Persian rugs also are considered to be Oriental rugs): the “Persian” and the “Turkish.”

Persian knots are known as Senneh and Turkish knots are known as Ghiordes. They often are tied around two (a pair of) warp strings. The warp of a rug runs lengthwise and is held stationary on the frame. The weft of a rug is woven oven and under the warp strings.

Let’s discuss these knot types.

The Senneh knots are asymmetrical and may have their opening on either the right or left side of the warp strings. The Ghiordes knot is symmetric, with the ends of the knots located between the two warp strings.

Some rugs are knotted using Jufti knots. These are “false” knots and they are tied around four warps instead of two. They can be either the Turkish or Persian style.

Jufti knots use half of the material and correspondingly take only half as much time to make (but the knot may last only half as long). Some rugs, such as Bokharas, may have Jufti knots mixed in with the Persian (Senneh) knots.

While the Persian or Senneh knot is used in most regions, some rug makers in Turkey, Armenia, Azerbajan, and some parts of northwestern Iran use the Turkish or Ghirodes knot.

As for comparing the quality of a Senneh knot versus a Ghirodes knot? There is no way. But being able to identify the different type of knot will help you know where the rug was made.

Are you wondering what type of knot your Persian/Oriental rug was made with? Bring it to the rug experts at Behnam Rugs. We’d love to take a look “under the rug” to ascertain the region of its origin. Contact us at 972-733-0400.

Stay tuned for upcoming events where we educate rug lovers on the ins and outs of the rug industry. They are a great way to become more knowledgeable of the world of fine rugs.

The Difference Between Hand-Knotted and Machine-Knotted Persian Rugs

Handmade Persian vs. Machine Made Persian RugWhat’s the Difference Between Hand-Knotted and Machine-Knotted Persian Rugs?

A hand-knotted Persian rug will be much more expensive than one that has been knotted or made by machine.

In fact – and most importantly – a machine-knotted rug is not an authentic Persian rug. It is possible to find machine made rugs in Persian designs, in fact, you can even browse this type of rug at Behnam Rug’s showroom! But nothing compares to an authentic Persian rug in terms of quality and longevity (Don’t worry, we have plenty of those too!).

A quick check to determine if a rug is hand- or machine-made is to turn the rug over and see if you can make out the rug’s pattern. If the pattern is as clear on the rug’s back as it is on the front, the rug is hand knotted.

The next step to check if the rug is hand-knotted is to bend the rug backwards to expose its pile’s roots. If, at the base of the pile’s tufts/roots, you can see row upon row of knots, you have a hand-knotted rug.

There are two types of machine-made rugs.

The first is a machine-made rug that is made by a machine called a power loom. This is an electronically automated loom that’s controlled by computers. These looms allow for several rugs of the same design to be made at pretty much the same time.

These rugs can indeed be quite beautiful, but they do not go up in value. In fact, a machine-made rug probably will only last – if well cared for – for about 20 years. A hand-knotted rug, on the other hand, can last for centuries with proper care and maintenance (that includes professional rug cleaning!).

The second type of machine-made rug is one that isn’t quite fully made by machine, but neither is it hand knotted. These are known as hand-tufted rugs and they are made by a worker taking a canvas with the rug’s design painted upon it, and using a tool to push a strand of wool through it. The worker continues pushing different colored wool strands through the canvas until the design is complete. The rug is finished by gluing a backing onto the back of the canvas to prevent the design from coming apart. Find out more about hand-tufted rugs here.

If you’ve recently purchased a rug and are wondering if it’s a hand-knotted rug or not, bring it to Behnam Rugs in Dallas. We’d be happy to take a look at the rug and ascertain whether it’s a hand-knotted rug or not. Contact us at 972-733-0400.

If you’re in the market for a new rug, whether it’s machine made or one-of-a-kind, our showroom is home to thousands of quality rugs from around the world. We have something for every style and budget, so please do stop by.