The Different Types of Oriental Rug Knots

Assorted yarn for weavingTypes of Oriental Rug Knots

The detail and value of a Persian or Oriental rug lies in the quality of its knots. The more knots per square inch, the more vivid and intricate the rug’s design.

In addition, the more KPSI (knots per square inch) a rug has, the more expensive it will be. This is expected because creating these knots by hand – and so close together – is an complex and difficult process, one that takes craftsmen years to learn and perform expertly. Persian and Oriental rugs can take years to make because of this.

There are basically two different types of knots used to make an Oriental pile rug (Persian rugs also are considered to be Oriental rugs): the “Persian” and the “Turkish.”

Persian knots are known as Senneh and Turkish knots are known as Ghiordes. They often are tied around two (a pair of) warp strings. The warp of a rug runs lengthwise and is held stationary on the frame. The weft of a rug is woven oven and under the warp strings.

Let’s discuss these knot types.

The Senneh knots are asymmetrical and may have their opening on either the right or left side of the warp strings. The Ghiordes knot is symmetric, with the ends of the knots located between the two warp strings.

Some rugs are knotted using Jufti knots. These are “false” knots and they are tied around four warps instead of two. They can be either the Turkish or Persian style.

Jufti knots use half of the material and correspondingly take only half as much time to make (but the knot may last only half as long). Some rugs, such as Bokharas, may have Jufti knots mixed in with the Persian (Senneh) knots.

While the Persian or Senneh knot is used in most regions, some rug makers in Turkey, Armenia, Azerbajan, and some parts of northwestern Iran use the Turkish or Ghirodes knot.

As for comparing the quality of a Senneh knot versus a Ghirodes knot? There is no way. But being able to identify the different type of knot will help you know where the rug was made.

Are you wondering what type of knot your Persian/Oriental rug was made with? Bring it to the rug experts at Behnam Rugs. We’d love to take a look “under the rug” to ascertain the region of its origin. Contact us at 972-733-0400.

Stay tuned for upcoming events where we educate rug lovers on the ins and outs of the rug industry. They are a great way to become more knowledgeable of the world of fine rugs.

Different Persian Cities and Their Rug Patterns

The Different Persian Cities and Their Rug Patterns

Understanding the origin behind the different patterns you’ll find in a Persian rug helps you understand its history – and appreciate its beauty even more.

Read below for some brief information on the different Persian rug patterns and their city or region of origin.

The names of different patterns usually come from the tribe, village or city from where any particular pattern was traded or created.

Generally, you’ll find that there are two types of Persian rugs, city rugs and tribal rugs. City rugs tend to be a bit better made because tribal rugs are those that have been woven by people who live in small, rural villages, or even by nomads.

Tribal rugs tend to feature geometric designs (and have minimum detail). They also tend to have just a few bright colors. City rugs, on the other hand, tend to have more designs showcasing greater detail; they also have a lot more color.

The rug experts here at Behnam Rugs usually will be able to tell where a rug hails from just by taking a close look at it and analyzing its design.

Heriz rugs come from the region known as Heriz in northwest Iran (northeast of Tabriz). Their patterns tend to be geometric, with a large medallion dominating the field.


A Heriz-patterned Persian rug.

Isfahan rugs come from the city of Isfahan in western central Iran. These rugs are famous around the world for their incredible colors – it’s the rare Isfahan rug that doesn’t have at least 15 colors woven within it. The designs of these rugs tend to be based on the large round medallion mosaic of the interior dome of the Sheikh Lotfollah’s Mosque.

Joshagan rugs, made in the town of Joshagan in the north central Iran province of Esfahan, are of exceptional quality and are made in limited production. This makes them fairly expensive and good investments. The signature design of these rugs tends to be geometric floral motifs arranged in diamond shapes.

Sarouk rugs also are of very high quality. Made in the village of Sarouk in the central Iran province of Markazi, the patterns of these rugs can be curvilinear or geometric.

We love teaching people about the history and meaning of rug patterns here at Behnam Rugs. Visit our Dallas showroom and ask for a quick rug history and pattern tutorial. Give us a call at 972-733-0400.

By Arash Fatemi, Treasure Gallery Inc (Treasure Gallery Inc) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL],via Wikimedia Commons.