The Different Types of Oriental Rug Knots

Assorted yarn for weavingTypes of Oriental Rug Knots

The detail and value of a Persian or Oriental rug lies in the quality of its knots. The more knots per square inch, the more vivid and intricate the rug’s design.

In addition, the more KPSI (knots per square inch) a rug has, the more expensive it will be. This is expected because creating these knots by hand – and so close together – is an complex and difficult process, one that takes craftsmen years to learn and perform expertly. Persian and Oriental rugs can take years to make because of this.

There are basically two different types of knots used to make an Oriental pile rug (Persian rugs also are considered to be Oriental rugs): the “Persian” and the “Turkish.”

Persian knots are known as Senneh and Turkish knots are known as Ghiordes. They often are tied around two (a pair of) warp strings. The warp of a rug runs lengthwise and is held stationary on the frame. The weft of a rug is woven oven and under the warp strings.

Let’s discuss these knot types.

The Senneh knots are asymmetrical and may have their opening on either the right or left side of the warp strings. The Ghiordes knot is symmetric, with the ends of the knots located between the two warp strings.

Some rugs are knotted using Jufti knots. These are “false” knots and they are tied around four warps instead of two. They can be either the Turkish or Persian style.

Jufti knots use half of the material and correspondingly take only half as much time to make (but the knot may last only half as long). Some rugs, such as Bokharas, may have Jufti knots mixed in with the Persian (Senneh) knots.

While the Persian or Senneh knot is used in most regions, some rug makers in Turkey, Armenia, Azerbajan, and some parts of northwestern Iran use the Turkish or Ghirodes knot.

As for comparing the quality of a Senneh knot versus a Ghirodes knot? There is no way. But being able to identify the different type of knot will help you know where the rug was made.

Are you wondering what type of knot your Persian/Oriental rug was made with? Bring it to the rug experts at Behnam Rugs. We’d love to take a look “under the rug” to ascertain the region of its origin. Contact us at 972-733-0400.

Stay tuned for upcoming events where we educate rug lovers on the ins and outs of the rug industry. They are a great way to become more knowledgeable of the world of fine rugs.

The Difference Between Persian and Oriental Rugs

Rugs in our showroom

What’s the Difference Between Persian and Oriental Rugs?

As you search for a handmade rug for your home or business, you’ve no doubt noticed that the terms Persian and Oriental tend to be used interchangeably when it comes to these rugs.

So you may be wondering if there’s even a difference between them.

Our answer? There is a difference that matters because the history of a rug and the country of its origin are integral to the workmanship as well as the design of the rug.

In fact, knowing the difference between a Persian and an Oriental rug is of particular importance if you’re looking for an antique rug.

In a nutshell (and by the strictest of definitions), an Oriental rug is one that is hand-knotted in Iran, Asia, China, Russia, India, Turkey, Pakistan, Tibet, or Nepal.

As for Persian rugs, these also are Oriental rugs, but they are made only in Iran (former Persia). It’s a rectangle and square situation.

Many Persian rug designs actually hold the names of the cities in which they originated (a Tabriz design, for example). The designs’ popularity grew over time and even though the patterns now are made in different cities, the designs have retained the names of their city of origin.

A Persian rug also tends to have a thicker pile than an Oriental rug (up to 160 knots per square inch) and has extremely rich colors woven into their unique designs.

Persian rugs also are considered to be of higher quality than an Oriental rug, although hand-knotted Oriental rugs today also are of exceptional workmanship. This difference in quality also means a difference in price, with Persian rugs being worth a bit more than Oriental rugs.

A Persian rug is made by many skilled artisans, who work hundreds of hours on one rug. A 9’ x 12’ foot rug, for example, can take longer than 14 months to complete, with four to five craftsmen working on the rug for up to six hours a day.

Oriental rugs also offer beautiful workmanship, designs and colors, particularly silk rugs. While you may think the silk would be too delicate, these rugs are incredibly sturdy (although they do require a bit more care than wool rugs). Silk Oriental rugs do diverge from their Persian cousins in that they tend to use more traditional Buddhist designs and often use a palette of blue, yellow and apricot for their colors.

If you would like to learn more about the art of rugs, call us at 972-733-0400.

The Difference Between Hand-Knotted and Machine-Knotted Persian Rugs

Handmade Persian vs. Machine Made Persian RugWhat’s the Difference Between Hand-Knotted and Machine-Knotted Persian Rugs?

A hand-knotted Persian rug will be much more expensive than one that has been knotted or made by machine.

In fact – and most importantly – a machine-knotted rug is not an authentic Persian rug. It is possible to find machine made rugs in Persian designs, in fact, you can even browse this type of rug at Behnam Rug’s showroom! But nothing compares to an authentic Persian rug in terms of quality and longevity (Don’t worry, we have plenty of those too!).

A quick check to determine if a rug is hand- or machine-made is to turn the rug over and see if you can make out the rug’s pattern. If the pattern is as clear on the rug’s back as it is on the front, the rug is hand knotted.

The next step to check if the rug is hand-knotted is to bend the rug backwards to expose its pile’s roots. If, at the base of the pile’s tufts/roots, you can see row upon row of knots, you have a hand-knotted rug.

There are two types of machine-made rugs.

The first is a machine-made rug that is made by a machine called a power loom. This is an electronically automated loom that’s controlled by computers. These looms allow for several rugs of the same design to be made at pretty much the same time.

These rugs can indeed be quite beautiful, but they do not go up in value. In fact, a machine-made rug probably will only last – if well cared for – for about 20 years. A hand-knotted rug, on the other hand, can last for centuries with proper care and maintenance (that includes professional rug cleaning!).

The second type of machine-made rug is one that isn’t quite fully made by machine, but neither is it hand knotted. These are known as hand-tufted rugs and they are made by a worker taking a canvas with the rug’s design painted upon it, and using a tool to push a strand of wool through it. The worker continues pushing different colored wool strands through the canvas until the design is complete. The rug is finished by gluing a backing onto the back of the canvas to prevent the design from coming apart. Find out more about hand-tufted rugs here.

If you’ve recently purchased a rug and are wondering if it’s a hand-knotted rug or not, bring it to Behnam Rugs in Dallas. We’d be happy to take a look at the rug and ascertain whether it’s a hand-knotted rug or not. Contact us at 972-733-0400.

If you’re in the market for a new rug, whether it’s machine made or one-of-a-kind, our showroom is home to thousands of quality rugs from around the world. We have something for every style and budget, so please do stop by.

Water Damage on Your Rugs

Damaged rugHow to Clean a Water Damaged Rug

This blog is all about rescuing rugs affected by hail damage, roof damage, water leaks, flash flooding, broken skylights, and more. Behnam Rugs is here to help.

Before Behnam Rugs can pick up your rugs to clean and sanitize them, there are a few steps you can take to minimize any damage.

1. Carefully remove debris from your rugs. We cannot stress the emphasis on carefully enough! There could be tiny pieces of glass in your rug, and you won’t find out until you step on one. Wear protective shoes while removing debris. Remove what you can, but please do not hurt yourself trying to do more than that. Wearing gloves while removing debris can make the process a bit safer.
2. If your rug is wet or even partially wet, dry it by using a towel to absorb excess water. If you have access to a water extractor, you may consider using it. If you are not 100% sure on how to operate a water extractor, it’s best to not do anything with it at all, however.
3. Use a fan to dry your rugs if there is even a chance that your rug may be wet. Do not use a hair dryer or anything that uses heat to dry. This will harm your rug. Dehumidifiers can help as well.
4. If your rug is in an area that could receive run-off water, remove it from the area immediately. Run-off water could potentially contain chemicals that will damage your rug and permanently change its color.

Taking these steps will prevent color runs and bleeding, as well as damage to the rug’s fibers and dyes.

If your rug is already showing signs of color bleeding, worry not! Behnam rugs specializes in fixing color bleeding in rugs. Call us at 972-733-0400. We can also restore the pile of your rug and restore antique rugs if these are services you need, too. If your rug has been damaged, contact Behnam Rugs as soon as possible. The sooner you tackle a rug problem, the better the results will be, especially when you’re dealing with water damage. Remember, if you let your rug sit in water for more than 24 hours, there is a high chance of mold occurring. Mold can be dangerous to you as well as extremely harmful to your rug.

If you are not able to return to your rugs or if they have been damaged beyond repair (or totaled- your rug can be totaled just like a car!), contact us at 972-733-0400. and we will prepare an appraisal for insurance purposes. As long as you have some photographs of your rug and records of the sale or records of what kind of rug you had, we can make an appraisal for you. Talk to your insurance provider to see if the cost of your rug or rug restoration can be covered.

5 Qualities to Look for In a Persian Rug Dealer

Man standing in front of rugsChoosing a Persian Rug Dealer: What to Look for

When it comes to purchasing a fine handmade rug, you do want to research the history of these textiles and study the factors that make them valuable so that you’ll be sure to end up purchasing a quality rug.

But the same could be said of finding a rug dealer from whom to purchase the rug: you want to do some due diligence here so that you know the dealer is trustworthy and has your interests foremost in his mind.

To help you find this type of company, we’ve put together a short list of five qualities you should look for when you search for a seller of fine rugs.

  1. Look for a dealership that has been in business in your area or region for many years.

Longevity is a sign that the business is well-run and that customers trust it. A store or rug dealership that holds a going-out-business sale only to pop up in a different location a short while later could  indicate that the store’s owners aren’t truly trustworthy. Behnam Rugs has been serving the Dallas area for over 40 years. We don’t recommend buying a handmade Persian or Oriental rug from a company that does not exclusively sell rugs, such as a furniture store, as these businesses are not industry experts.

  1. Make sure the dealer shows you rugs that are in your budget, not his.

If you tell a dealer that you can spend only X dollars, and he starts showing you more expensive rugs, be wary. They could be honest, but if you’ve told a salesperson or the store owner that you want a rug at one price and he shows you rugs at higher prices, that could be a sign that the dealer is focused more on making a high commission or larger margin, instead of helping you find a rug that’s beautiful and fits your budget. This may also be an indication that the store does not have any inventory at a price you can afford.

  1. If you want to see only hand-knotted rugs, be cautious if you notice he’s showing you machine-made or hand-tufted rugs.

This is why it’s important that you understand how to tell the difference between a hand-knotted and a machine-made or hand-tufted rug: being able to spot when a seller is showing you a hand-tufted rug when you asked to see only hand-knotted rugs is a big red flag. It could be an honest mistake, but you may want to be careful when dealing an Oriental/Persian rug seller who does this. Familiarize yourself with machine made and hand tufted rugs before you shop so that you are not easily duped.

  1. Stay away from rug auctions that say they are selling rugs seized by U.S. Customs.

Such sales are fraudulent. Why? Because they are selling rugs that were supposedly to have been seized by Customs and any goods seized by U.S. Customs must be sent out of the county because these goods aren’t allowed to be sold in the U.S. We also don’t recommend purchasing fine rugs from auctions in general. They are often dishonest about the rugs they auction and we have had to help far too many customers get their money back after buying a “handmade” rug that was actually machine made. To avoid this common scam, only shop for rugs from reputable dealers with a physical store.

  1. True hand-knotted Persian and Oriental rugs do cost more.

The artists that weave a hand-knotted rug take months – sometimes years – to create just one rug. Each of the rug’s thousands of knots is knotted by hand, a skill that takes years for someone to master, let alone to become an expert at it. A skilled weaver can tie up to six thousand knots per day, and still take months to finish!

So be very cautious of someone who says he will sell you a hand-knotted Tabriz rug with 600 knots per square inch (KPSI) for $150.

Behnam Rugs has been helping Dallas residents buy hand-knotted Persian and Oriental rugs since 1978. If you’d like to visit our showroom to learn more about why these rugs are so beautiful and valuable, visit our Dallas showroom. Give us a call at 972-733-4000 to make an appointment.