Hand Tufted Rugs
What you don’t know about hand-tufted rugs could hurt you! Hand-Tufted Rugs are not the same as Persian/Oriental rugs. Hand tufted rugs are made with a tufting gun shooting loops of yarn into a fabric. Once finished, glue is applied to the back of the rug to hold those yarn loops together. Then a second fabric is applied on the glue. Meaning the glue is in between two layers of fabric. Many time dogs get irritated about the glue used in tufted rugs, and then your pet will soil your rug. These fumes are irritants to dogs, children, and the elderly.
One simple way to identify a tufted rug is to look at how the rug is put together. A hand-knotted rug is one for which each and every one of its knots is knotted by hand. That is, each strand of wool or silk is knotted by hand onto the loom. The more knots per square inch, the better and more expensive the rug.
When rugs are hand-knotted, the back of the rug is almost the mirror image of the front. Also, the fringe of the rug — those longer threads on the end – is hand-knotted to the rug. Without that fringe, the rug itself would unravel. The fringe is an integral part of the rug itself.
Difference Between Hand-Tufted and Hand-Knotted
On the other hand, rugs that are hand-tufted are not authentic hand-knotted rugs. Hand-tufted means that a mechanical device resembling a gun was used to attach tufts of cloth to a canvas backing. The strands of cloth are punched through the canvas, and then a glue-like substance is painted on the canvas to keep the cloth fibers from falling out.
There are no knots. While there is a person wielding this gun, the hand-tufted rugs are not considered to be hand-made. And because the cloth is attached to a canvas back, the underside of the rug has no pattern on it at all. Moreover, on tufted rugs, the fringes are usually glued on.
The terms hand-woven or hand-knotted are used exclusively for rugs that are made entirely by hand. The wool of the rug is woven through the warp strings or knotted onto the warp strings by hand. It is a process that takes a great degree of skill and a good amount of time to complete.
Genuine hand-knotted Persian and Oriental rugs, because they are hand-knotted, will last a long, long time. They also hold their value well. They are often considered to be works of art. Tufted rugs, on the other hand, are little more than decorative items that wear out relatively quickly, usually within about three years. They are considerably less expensive than hand-knotted Persian/Oriental rugs because they are simply not as well made.
Because of their durability, hand-knotted rugs are also more eco-friendly. They are not meant to be discarded. Because they are so valuable, they are repaired if damaged. That is not the case with tufted rugs, which end up in landfills.
If you’d like to learn more about how to tell the difference between a hand-knotted and hand-tufted rug, visit our Behnam Rugs showroom in Dallas. We’d be happy to show you how these rugs are very, very different. Give us a call at 972-733-0400 to make an appointment.