Types of Rug Construction

Loom for weaving rugsDifferences in Rug Construction

Rug construction, or how the rug is made, influences the look and feel, the price, longevity, texture, and quality of the rug. This blog will explain the differences between rug construction and how that influences the aforementioned factors.

Tufted Rugs

To make a tufted rug, loops of yarn are pulled through the rug’s backing either by hand using a tool or by machine. Next, the loops are cut to make the surface even. Tufted rugs can be produced quickly and affordably.

This means that even the highest quality tufted rug is relatively inexpensive, especially when compared to handmade rugs. These rugs do well in living rooms and other high traffic areas and can last up to 20 years, but usually closer to 7 to 10.

Hooked Rugs

Hooked rugs require a related amount of labor to tufted rugs and the weaving process is very similar. The only difference between the two is that hooked rugs are not cut, resulting in a more embroidered look that is not as uniformly flat. These rugs do well in high traffic areas as well and last a similar amount of time as tufted rugs.

Hand-knotted Rugs

This is the most expensive rug construction because it is the most labor intensive. Weavers tie hundreds of tiny knots per square inch to make detailed patterns and designs that are unique. These knots form the pile of the rug. The higher the knot count, the greater the quality and detail of the rug. The process can take months, or even years. These superior pieces can last generations with the proper care and maintenance.

Flat Weaves

Unlike other rug types, flat weaves do not have a pile and are woven on a loom. These rugs can be woven by hand or by machine. The threads are woven on top of each other vertically and horizontally. They are also reversible because they do not possess a backing like other rug types do. These rugs are great for layering and easy to clean. Their life expectancy is a bit less than hand-knotted rugs.

Machine-made Rugs

Machine-made rugs are woven using a power loom. Computers control the loom and automate the process. These rugs can be made quickly and utilize different types of fiber, from silk to synthetic. These rugs often mimic hand-knotted rugs but usually cannot match the longevity. These rugs typically last about 10 years for lower quality and 20 years for higher quality.

Highest quality machine-made rugs such as Karastan rugs made of wool can last as long as handmade rugs in some circumstances. We have seen cases of machine-made rugs lasting between 80 to 100 years.

To learn more about fine rugs, visit Behnam Rugs and tour the modern showroom filled with thousands of beautiful rugs of different types of construction. Call 972-733-0400 to schedule an appointment.